Since knowing the essentials of the Law of Treaties is a very important issue for the students of international law, the Iranian Association of UN Studies with cooperation of UNIC-Tehran, held a two-day training on law of treaties for some 25 graduate and undergraduate students of international law on 17 and 18 April 2019 at the UN office in Tehran.
The trainer of the course was the University of Tehran professor Dr. Seyed-Ali Sadat-Akhavi who is the author of the book entitled “Methods of Resolving Conflicts between Treaties”. He defined the concept of the treaty and discussed the constituent elements of a treaty, differentiating between treaties and non-binding instruments, and various designations of treaties.
Then different stages of the formation of treaties and related terminology, including signature, ratification and accession were explained.
On the second day of the programme, Dr. Sadat-Akhavi continued by analyzing the concept of reservation, valid and invalid reservations and legal effects of reservations. He also elaborated on the concept of objections to reservations and the reservations which may be contrary to the object and purpose of treaties.
He referred to the text adopted by the International Law Commission (ILC) titled “Guide to Practice on Reservations to treaties”. The conflicts between treaties and methods for resolving such conflicts were also addressed.
The participants learnt how to locate a multilateral treaty such as Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties and its status as well as reservation to a treaty from the UN website.
At the end of the session, all the participants expressed their satisfaction and hoped for the continuation of such programmes. One of them, Mr. Soheil Ghasemi, UNIC intern said: “I learnt a lot in the training course and I understood that the Law of Treaties is a set of international principles and rules regulating the conclusion procedure of treaties, as well as the issues of implementation, amendments and modifications, termination, suspension and invalidity of treaties.”
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