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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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15 Nov 2017 - UNFPA & Welfare Organization Join Hands to Conduct National Survey of Older Persons

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According to United Nations Population projection the proportion of older persons aged 60 years and above in Islamic Republic of Iran will reach to about 30 percent in 2050.  The government of Iran plans mainstream ageing related issues in the national and sectoral polices and plans.  Hence within the framework of UNFPA sixth Country Programme (2017 – 2021) to support the partners to fill existing data and information gaps for evidence-based policy formulation and planning in the area of population and development, conduct of a National Survey of Older Persons was envisaged.  With support of UNFPA, Prof.  Asghar Zaidi, the Professor of International Social Policy from University of Southampton facilitated a three day workshop (12-15 November 2017) to review the proposals and mechanics to conduct the national survey scheduled for early 2018.   The workshop brought full participation of various relevant organizations such as State Welfare Organization, Statistical Center of Iran, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, National Organization for Civil Registration as well as academia from University of Tehran and University and the University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, showing the multi sectoral approach to older persons issues. 

The closing ceremony was held this morning in State Welfare Organization with presence of  Dr. Mohseni Bandpey, Deputy Minister and Head of State Welfare Organization ,  Dr. Salmannejad, Head of Secretariat for the National Council of the Older Persons, and  Dr. Leila Joudane, UNFPA Representative in Islamic Republic of Iran.

Dr. Salmannejad, acknowledged UNFPA’s support towards ageing issues and emphasized on the importance of the national survey as a solid evidence for policy formulation for older persons. 

Dr. Khosheshi, the national expert to co-conduct the survey highlighted the importance of addressing ageing based on evidence and right data.  He elaborated on some significant technicalities of conducting the survey to ensure efficiency of data collection for better policy formulation and called for learning from international experiences once the results are out.   Dr. Khosheshi also referred to the current population pyramid of the country and related the growing ageing population to the good and dedicated services of the government in areas such as better health and education resulting in an increase in life expectancy.

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Dr. Joudane, UNFPA Representative in Iran expressed her deep condolences to all the Iranians and government of Iran specially the family members of the victims of deadly earthquake in Kermanshah and announced UNFPA readiness for any support if needed.  She expressed her contentment in positive steps taken together with relevant implementing partners to address ageing issues.  Having said that, she noted that timely undertaking of  such surveys are essential for policy formulation ensuring that the rights of older people are protected, their needs are fulfilled, and their dignity are retained.  Dr. Joudane lauded the high level and sophisticated discussions during the past three days on various characteristics and aspects of national survey as well as practical recommendations provided by the knowledgeable academics and Prof. Zaidi for conducting high quality survey.  While expressing confidence in  capacity of Iran’s academia as well as Statistical Centre of Iran  and other partners involved, she called for continuous quality control measures as an  essential measure to ensure that the result of survey provide precise information for policy makers to decide and plan.  Dr. Joudane reaffirmed UNFPA’s commitment and continuous support to this important exercise to reach to its final goal and objectives.

Dr. Bandpey also conveyed his deep condolences and announced that the Welfare Organization has provided support team to address post –traumatic issues to earthquake stricken areas.  He thanked all relevant stakeholders involved in addressing ageing issues and expressed special thanks to Dr. Joudane not only for UNFPA’s  support towards government of Iran to address ageing  but also offering helping hand during the current emergency.  Dr. Bandpey noted that ageing being a priority for the government should be addressed through a scientific approach and highlighted the feminization of ageing requiring special attention. He  stated that older person as compared to other population groups are more vulnerable because often they think that  they are left behind that their potential cannot be utilized.  Dr. Bandpay mentioned some significant achievements on ageing such as allocation of national budget line for the first time last year and noted that forums such as the Tabriz Regional Ageing Symposium & Soul Ageing Conference have advocated for more joint efforts with UNFPA to address the needs of older persons.  He also referred to the advocacy efforts with the parliament to establish right-based approach for addressing issues of older persons and increasing the budget allocation.

Last but not least, Prof. Zaidi provided practical recommendation related to the national survey questionnaire, sampling, data quality, pilot study, analysis and dissemination and elaborated on way forwards for efficient conduct of the national survey for older person in light of discussions during the last three days of the workshop.  Analysis of the survey results was noted as the most important step because it can lead to right policy formulation and should be done with strong gender lens.  Closing ceremony concluded with question and answers by experts from various organizations.

 

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12 Nov 2017 - Launching ceremony of the UNFPA’s State of World Population Report 2017

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The launching ceremony of the UNFPA’s State of World Population Report 2017 took place in the Faculty of Social Sciences of University of Tehran on 8 November in the presence of government officials, academics, experts, and heads of UN agencies.

The report entitled, “Worlds Apart, Reproductive Health and Rights in an age of inequality”, was dedicated to regional and social disparities in access to reproductive health and rights, and was presented to the audience by Dr. Monire Bassir, UNFPA Programme Specialist.  In her opening remarks, Dr. Leila Joudane, the UNFPA Representative, emphasized on disparities women and young girls are suffering from in access to reproductive health services, as well as the repercussions for their life choices and earning potentials.  Mr. Gary Lewis, UN Resident Coordinator, reminded the audience of the importance of ensuring women’s social and political empowerment.  Dr. Mahmoudian, Professor of Demographics in University of Tehran and host of the event, pointed at the low participation of women in the workforce. 

The opening remarks was followed by a thought-provoking discussion panel, led by academics and government officials, on the socio-economic implications of women’s health.  The panel covered the various topics of women’s participation in diverse sectors of the economy, the social inclusion of female headed households, and the access to health services for marginalized population under the Health Transformation Plan.   “Although the gender gap in education is closed, women’s potential to take part in the workforce remains unrealized” said Dr. Jalal Abasi, Tehran University Professor. “More efforts should be placed into thinking about the proposed options for policy-makers”, he added.

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18 Oct 2017 - UNFPA Policy Communication Training

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UNFPA’s sixth Country programme (2017 – 2021) advocates for the availability of evidence-based population and reproductive health strategies and action plans allowing the country to benefit from its demographic window of opportunity.  To improve the capacities to communicate strategic issues effectively, UNFPA organized a three day country-based course from 16 to 18 October 2017. This training was facilitated by Allen & Clarke a Public Consultancy Firm from New Zealand that specializes in policy evaluation, programme development, and implementation with significant experience in conducting policy formation courses and training for diverse groups and organizations.  

The training covered topics such as the policy cycle, and policy monitoring, cycle, the effective use of research for policy dialogue, drafting policy briefs, and advocacy and negotiation.  Through a participatory approach, identified issues in UNFPA sixth country programme (CP) were discussed and case studies presented to put into practise how evidence can be translated into actionable policy recommendation.  Examples of issues debated werethe increased availability and use of integrated sexual and reproductive health services, strengthening national policies through integration of evidence based analysis on population dynamics, with a special focus on population ageing and the needs of older persons..  The renowned demographer, Dr. Abbassi presented the case study on using the potential of youth to reap Demographic Dividend, and Dr. Eslami from Ministry of Health and Medical Educationmade a presentation on promoting Sexual and Reproductive Health among new married couples

The facilitators walked the participants through stakeholder analysis, environmental scanning, and development of advocacy plans enabling them to have a strategic intervention for influencing policy makers generally and particularly within UNFPA’s sixth CP.  Considering the dynamic of the participants from various government organizations and their rich experience in their arena, the discussions were of high calibre. The practical sessions and group exercises enabled the participants to put theory into practise within their area of work.  By the end of day three, participants also gained a greater understanding on how to effectively use a range of communication tools such as infographics to influence policy making, as well as how to prepare an advocacy plan.

At the end of the workshop, Dr. Joudane UNFPA Representative sincerely thanked the Statistical Centre of Iran, and the Statistical Research and Training Center of Iran (SRTC) for generously offering their venue and their valuable human resources, and for an impeccable organization of the logistics.  She also thanked the participants for allocating a full 3-day out of their busy schedules to this training.

 

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11 Oct 2017 - EmPOWER girls: before, during and after crises

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Statement of UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Natalia Kanem

for the International Day of the Girl Child

Girls today enjoy better life prospects than previous generations in many ways. Prosperity and nutrition are improving, child marriage and teenage pregnancy are declining, and female educational attainment and participation in the labour force are on the rise.

However, these advances are far from universal and are increasingly tenuous in many parts of the world. The poorest—particularly girls—are often left behind, their rights undermined. 

They get less education, have fewer opportunities and are more likely to take jobs that pay less and involve more risk than girls who are economically better off. In addition to the social forces against them, girls continue to face high levels of gender-based violence, unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe deliveries. One in four girls will be married before she is 18, and one in five adolescent girls aged 15-19 will give birth.

And because of entrenched gender inequalities, disasters and conflict can make a bad situation even worse for girls.  They and their families, struggling to survive, are left with few choices, leaving girls even more vulnerable to child marriage, sexual- and gender-based violence, including trafficking, rape and sexual slavery. They are faced with the cruel reality of heightened risks to their sexual and reproductive health and diminished access to critical health care.

Despite these challenges, many girls manage to play a critical role in their homes and communities, even in crises. They are often the first responders who care for their families and establish networks that produce the social capital and resilience communities need to survive. Protecting and promoting their rights, health, and well-being is therefore an essential element of crisis preparedness, effective response and recovery. 

UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, works towards ensuring that girls are healthy, empowered and, thus, more resilient in the face of crises and in the rebuilding of their societies. UNFPA supports the development of more inclusive health, education, and empowerment programmes that are age- and gender-responsive, often girl-led, and enhance the voices of girls at the community level.

From creating safe spaces, to providing sexual and reproductive health information and services, to facilitating youth leadership and participation, we and our partners are innovating to reach, engage and empower adolescent girls and to ensure that we respond not just to their needs, but to their aspirations.

As part of UNFPA's transformational goals, we will continue working with our partners to end violence against girls, including child marriage and female genital mutilation. We will work to ensure that all girls, everywhere, enjoy their full spectrum of rights and have the opportunities they need to fulfill their potential.

Today and every day, let us support the power of girls before, during and after crises to build better futures for themselves and their communities.

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مرداد 96 - پیام خانم دکتر ناتالیا کانم، مدیر اجرایی موقت صندوق جمعیت سازمان ملل متحد روز جهانی بشردوستی

هر زنی این حق را دارد که تصمیم بگیرد چه هنگام باردار شود، زایمانی ایمن داشته باشد و در مقابل خشونت های جنسی محافظت شود. هر روز، زنان و دختران بسیاری که زندگیشان بخاطر جنگ، درگیری ها و بلایای طبیعی دگرگون شده، از این حقوق بهره ای نمی برند.  

 نظام های سلامت و حاکمیت قانون بر اثر کشمکش ها، بی ثباتی و ناامنی، فرو می پاشند. وقتی چنین اتفاقی رخ میدهد، زنان در سنین بارداری با مخاطراتی چون بارداری های ناخواسته، معلولیت و یا مرگ ناشی از زایمان های بدون نظارت پزشک و ماما، روبرو میشوند. در چنین وضعیت های نابسامانی، زنان و دختران بطور فزاینده ای در معرض آسیب پذیری بر اثر خشونت های جنسی قرار میگیرند.    

پاسخ های بشردوستانه هرگز نباید نیازهای ویژه و آسیب پذیری زنان و دختران را در شرایط بحرانی مورد غفلت قرار دهد.زندگی و  مرگ یک زن در بحران ها به دسترسی وی به خدمات حیاتی سلامت باروری، مانند مراقبت اورژانس و نظام های ارجاع شبانه روزی در موارد اضطراری، بستگی دارد.

صندوق جمعیت سازمان ملل متحد، خدمات نجاتبخش بهداشت باروری را به میلیون ها زن و دختر ارایه داده و در زمینه پیشگیری و پاسخگویی به خشونت های جنسیتی در 56 کشور در شرایط بحران، کار میکند.    

 اما چالش ها فراوانند، و صندوق جمعیت سازمان ملل نمیتواند به تنهایی به تمامی نیازهای موجود برای این نوع خدمات پاسخ دهد. کنش و همکاری جمعی برای اطمینان از اینکه هر زنی، فارغ از اینکه پناهنده است و یا در کشور خود آواره شده، حیاتی است و میتواند از بارداری  های ناخواسته جلوگیری کرده و زایمان ایمن و زندگی به دور از خشونت را برای زنان به ارمغان بیاورد.

 

 

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19 August 2017 - Message of UNFPA Acting Executive Director Dr. Natalia Kanem World Humanitarian Day

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Every woman has the right to decide whether or when she will become pregnant, to give birth safely and to be protected from gender-based violence. Yet every day, untold millions of women and girls, whose lives have been upended by wars, conflicts or natural disasters, cannot enjoy these rights.

Health systems and the rule of law collapse under the weight of conflict, instability and insecurity. When this happens, women in their childbearing years face heightened risk of unintended pregnancy, disability or death from delivering without the help of a doctor or midwife. Women and girls also are increasingly vulnerable to rape and sexual exploitation.
 
Humanitarian response must never neglect the special needs and vulnerabilities of women and girls. Whether a woman lives or dies in a crisis can depend on whether she has access to critical sexual and reproductive health services, such as emergency obstetric care and 24/7 referral systems for emergencies. 
 
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, provides life-saving sexual and reproductive health services to millions of women and girls and works to prevent and respond to gender-based violence in 56 countries in crisis. 
 
But the challenges are enormous, and UNFPA cannot by itself meet all the ever-growing need for services. Collective action is essential to ensure that every woman, regardless of whether she is a refugee or displaced within her country, can prevent an unintended pregnancy, can give birth safely and can live free from violence.
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